This condition may be bacterial, fungal or viral in origin, although other pathogenic agents and environmental factors are also known causes of the disease. They are typically caused by a virus or bacteria. You can experience generalized symptoms, such as fevers, chills, and fatigue as a result of a bacterial infection anywhere in the body. Coughing is the common symptom. There are several different types. Tuberculosis impairs the ability of the lungs to carry oxygen as well as their effectiveness. Symptoms of lung infections may begin with a simple persistent cough or difficulty in breathing, according to Merck. Types of Bacterial Lung Infection 1. Medicine like aspirin, ibuprofen and acetaminophen can be used to reduce fever. Depending on several factors like the type of germ, overall health and age, the signs and symptoms of bacterial lung infection differ from minor to severe. It is caused by a number of reasons, including bacterial lung infection. Depending on the severity, the air sacs may fill with fluid, making breathing difficult. According to a 2011 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, pneumonia is the 8th leading cause of death in America, sharing a spot with the flu (1) 1⭐⭐This is a verified and trusted source Goto Source . Pneumonia can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other organisms, although the vast majority of pneumonias are bacterial in origin. Most of the signs and symptoms can be eased in a few days but the fatigue might last a month or so. The type of bacterium that has caused the lung infection dictates whether the lung infection is contagious or not. Lung infections can be caused by a virus or bacteria. Bacterial infection in lungs occurs when the immune system is not strong enough to combat these harmful organisms inhaled through the respiratory. Current time: 01/20/2021 02:34:08 am (America/New_York) In some cases, infected people may experience symptoms of the disease within weeks of exposure. Treatment depends on the seriousness of the infection, your age and general health. In case of severe symptoms, they may cough, vomit, have fever, seem to be restless, lack energy or become tired, have trouble feeding and breathing. The primary symptoms are cough and fever accompanied by shaking chills, fatigue, shortness of breath and chest pain. MAC bacteria do not make most people sick. Pneumonia is a general term for infections of the lungs that lead to inflammation and accumulation of fluids and white blood cells in the alveoli. Common types of bacterial lung infections include pneumonia and tuberculosis, states WebMD. Types of Lung Infections. If the infection is acquired communally, treatment can be administered at home. This gives bacteria an opportunity to invade your lungs and cause an infection. Bacteria come in several types such as Listeriosis, Staphyloccocus bacteria, Gonococcus, E.coli and Streptococcus. Lung infections may also lead to a stuffy or runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, achy muscles, and headache. It basically affects the bronchi and causes them to be inflamed. The sections below will … The mild symptoms manifest themselves like those of a flu or cold, but they persist longer. Empyema can also be brought on by complications of surgery, ruptured esophagus or physical injury (4). Tuberculosis is a serious and chronic lung infection. Bacteremia, a bloodstream infection, can also be caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. When you get flu, the immune system is weakened. A tuberculosis patient usually experiences a persistent cough with blood-tinged or discolored sputum, sudden episodes of chest pains and discomfort while breathing. A flu shot annually can keep you from getting bacterial lung infection. It can enter your lungs through inhalation or through your bloodstream. What Does George Soros' Open Society Foundations Network Fund? Tuberculosis ; SARS ; Bronchitis ; Pneumonia ; Written by Gloria Attar . Other types of bacterial lung infections … Bacterial infections may develop after having a viral illness like a cold or the flu. Types of upper respiratory infection include the common cold (head cold), the mild flu, tonsillitis, laryngitis, and sinus infection. People acquire primary TB through inhalation of air droplets from the expelled air of an infected individual, notes MedlinePlus. Fact Checked. Symptoms depend on the part of the body infected. This communicable disease can spread and cause damage to other body organs. A complication of pneumonia is empyema, where the lungs fill with pus. When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. Pneumonia is a bacterial infection that causes the lungs—either one or both—to become inflamed. Fungal pneumonia, more often referred to as fungal infection in lungs, is a health condition caused due to invasion of certain types of fungi in the lungs. Newborns and infants in some cases do not exhibit any symptoms of an infection. Tuberculosis impairs the ability of the lungs to carry oxygen as well as their effectiveness. The vast majority of bacteria are harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial. Many cases of the lung abscess of the elderly ages are the outcome of aspiration pneumonia attributable to miss-swallowing. It is highly contagious and for this reason, a tuberculosis patient should use separate items from the rest of the family such as utensils and clothing. These can be used to treat the infection once the bacterial infection is identified. Bacterial pneumonia is a prevalent, potentially serious infection; it caused more 50,000 deaths in the United States in 2014. In most cases, this condition makes the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide difficult. Memory usage: 1526.3KB, Black Mucus When Coughing: Causes and Treatments, Kid Pneumonia: Symptom, Treatment and Prevention, Procedure of Lung Biopsy and the Recovery and Results, Reactive Airway Disease: Symptoms and Treatments, Coughing up Bloody Mucus: Causes and Treatments, Causes and Treatments of Coughing up White Mucus. They also help with immunity, making the body less hospitable to bad bacteria and other harmful pathogens. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) refers to infections caused by two types of bacteria: Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare. You can reduce the chances of getting bacterial lung infection by living in a healthy way. Pneumonia, or a lung infection, occurs when bacteria, viruses and sometimes fungi collect in a person’s lungs and begin to grow. Although rare, bac… The most commonly observed symptom of a bacterial lung infection is inflammation. There are many types of infectious diseases of the lungs, such as pneumonia (wet lung), bronchitis, TUBERCULOSIS, and others. Individuals with compromised immune systems are also susceptible to pneumonia through an infection from Pneumocystis jiroveci. Other symptoms include chest pain, fatigue, fever, chills, cough, and shortness of breath. Coughing forces air to flow out in a fast stream. If there is an underlying cause for a weakened immune system (like HIV, tuberculosis or immunosuppressant medications) then these will need to be looked at. Mental awareness changes for older people with pneumonia. Bacteria can infect any area of the body, including the skin, bladder, lungs, intestines, brain, and more. A pseudomonas lung infection is technically a bacterial infection, but tends to occur only in patients who are very ill. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the bacteria that causes this condition, is known as an opportunistic pathogen, meaning that the bacteria normally does not cause illness unless the patient's immune system is already compromised by severe illness. Bacterial pneumonia is caused due to the Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. What Are the Steps of Presidential Impeachment? What Are Some Different Types of Bacterial Lung Infection. Last Updated 20 January, 2021. Other bacterial species can also cause pneumonia, including Chlamydophila pneumonia and Legionella pneumophila. A bacterial lung infection is usually the result of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Even if the inf … [Bacterial infections of the lung in the elderly] Kyobu Geka. Lung infections need medical treatment with anti-infective drugs in order to restore normal breathing capabilities. Infants are given the same in different doses during their first year. The History of the United States' Golden Presidential Dollars, How the COVID-19 Pandemic Has Changed Schools and Education in Lasting Ways. Of the upper respiratory infection symptoms, the most common is a cough. Bacterial pneumonia is an infection of your lungs caused by certain bacteria. Lower RTIs tend to last longer and can be more serious. The most common cause in America adults is bacteria -- mainly Streptococcus pneumonia. Fact Check: Is the COVID-19 Vaccine Safe? The bacterial strain Streptococcus pneumoniae primarily causes pneumonia, while Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes pulmonary tuberculosis, or TB. Treatment focuses on curing the infection and avoiding complications. Exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis may not manifest for some time, and the infection can remain dormant for years. If the person suffers from bacterial lung infection, other organs in the body may also be affected as the transportation of blood stream—and therefore of oxygen—is not properly done. Tuberculosis is a serious and chronic lung infection. These cases basically have the risky conditions of repeated miss-swallowing such as cerebrovascular diseases, regurgitation from stomach to esophagus and so on. It can occur due to several different reasons, one of which is bacterial infection in lungs. Bacterial lung infection occurs when pathogenic bacteria enter the lungs. Bronchitis, pneumonia, and bronchiolitis are three types of lung infections. People of all ages acquire bacterial pneumonia, which can develop on its own or occur following a severe cold or flu episode, explains Healthline. Bacterial infections can develop anywhere in the body, but they often occur near sites where bacteria can enter the body. When you feel like you have a fever accompanied by a cough with green, yellow or brown phlegm, visit your doctor. Tuberculosis. Pneumonia is the medical term for lung inflammation, particularly affecting the alveoli. Cough with Phlegm in Clear State: Why and What to Do? These are pneumonia and acute bronchitis. People above the age of 65 with a weak immune system might have body temperatures below normal. Bacteria multiply so rapidly and release some toxins that have the capacity to extensively damage the tissues. Vincent MT(1), Goldman BS. There is a vaccination for this type. 73. Author information: (1)State University of New York Health Science Center, Brooklyn College of Medicine. Streptococcus pneumonia is the leading cause of bacterial pneumonia. Bacterial Infection in Lungs. A routine chest X-ray is not always necessary for people who have symptoms of a lower respiratory tract infection. An infection of your alveoli, usually by bacteria or viruses, including the coronavirus that causes COVID-19. Confusion: confusing time, places and people, Nausea and vomiting are giving you a difficult time swallowing medication, The heart rate is above 100 or less than 50. They can incl… Children and adults of any age can develop a bacterial infection. There are different types of chest infections including pneumonia, pertussis, and bronchitis. Pneumonia damages the pulmonary air sacs in the lungs called alveoli. Fungal lung infections require medications that are usually prescribed and monitored by a lung specialist. TB is a slow, progressive form of pneumonia. This can help you to relax as coughing promotes loosening and movement of fluid from the lungs. Exercising, eating balanced diets, avoiding smoking, getting enough rest as well as washing your hands with soap or using alcohol sanitizers can keep potential lung infections away. 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